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Unani Medicine in Mumbai: Tradition Meets Modernity

unani medicine in mumbai

Mumbai, the bustling financial capital of India, is known for its rich cultural tapestry and diverse population. Amid the rapid pace of modern life and cutting-edge medical advancements, traditional healing systems like Unani medicine continue to thrive and provide a holistic approach to health and wellness. This blog explores the presence, practice, and significance of Unani medicine in Mumbai, highlighting its historical roots, key practitioners, educational institutions, treatment centers, and the growing interest among the city’s residents.

Historical Roots of Unani Medicine in Mumbai

Unani medicine, also known as Greco-Arabic medicine, has deep historical roots that trace back to ancient Greece and the Islamic Golden Age. The system was introduced to the Indian subcontinent during the medieval period, where it was embraced and further developed by local scholars and practitioners. Mumbai, with its strategic coastal location and vibrant trade links, became a significant center for the dissemination and practice of Unani medicine.

During the British colonial era, Mumbai emerged as a major urban center, attracting people from various parts of India, including Unani practitioners. The city’s diverse population and cultural openness provided fertile ground for traditional healing systems to coexist with modern medical practices. Unani medicine, with its emphasis on natural remedies and holistic health, found a receptive audience among Mumbai’s residents.

Core Principles of Unani Medicine

Understanding the foundational principles of Unani medicine is crucial to appreciating its practice in Mumbai. Unani medicine is based on the concept of balancing four bodily humors: blood (dam), phlegm (balgham), yellow bile (safra), and black bile (sauda). These humors are associated with the four elements: air, water, fire, and earth, respectively. Health is maintained by ensuring a balance among these humors, while any imbalance is believed to cause illness.

The treatment approach in Unani medicine is comprehensive, considering the patient’s physical, mental, and emotional states. Key diagnostic methods include pulse examination (nabz), urine analysis (baul), and stool analysis (baraz), along with a thorough physical examination and detailed patient history.

Key Practitioners and Centers in Mumbai

Mumbai boasts a number of esteemed Unani practitioners and treatment centers that uphold the traditions of this ancient healing system. These practitioners, often referred to as Hakims, combine their deep knowledge of Unani principles with a compassionate approach to patient care.

  1. Hamdard Dawakhana:
    • A prominent name in Unani medicine, Hamdard Dawakhana has a well-established presence in Mumbai. Known for its range of herbal products and medications, Hamdard offers consultation and treatment services at various centers across the city. The practitioners here emphasize natural remedies and lifestyle modifications to restore health and balance.
  2. Saifee Hospital:
    • Saifee Hospital, located in the heart of Mumbai, is known for integrating modern medical facilities with traditional healing practices. The hospital has a dedicated Unani medicine department where experienced Hakims provide consultations and treatments. The combination of state-of-the-art infrastructure and traditional wisdom makes it a popular choice for patients seeking holistic care.
  3. Zakir Hussain Memorial Trust Unani Clinic:
    • This clinic is part of a charitable trust that aims to promote and preserve the practice of Unani medicine. Offering affordable treatment options, the clinic serves a diverse clientele and provides comprehensive healthcare services based on Unani principles.
  4. Mumbai Unani Dispensary:
    • A government-run facility, the Mumbai Unani Dispensary offers free or low-cost Unani treatments to the public. Staffed by qualified practitioners, the dispensary provides services ranging from herbal medicine prescriptions to regimental therapies like cupping and massage.

Educational Institutions and Training Centers

Mumbai is home to several institutions that offer education and training in Unani medicine, ensuring the continuation of this traditional system and producing skilled practitioners.

  1. Tibbia College:
    • Tibbia College, one of the oldest institutions dedicated to Unani medicine in India, has a campus in Mumbai. The college offers undergraduate and postgraduate programs in Unani medicine, providing rigorous training in both theoretical and practical aspects. The curriculum includes subjects like anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and pathology, along with specialized Unani subjects.
  2. Ayush College of Unani Medicine:
    • Affiliated with the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Ayush College offers Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS) programs. The college focuses on producing competent Unani practitioners who can integrate traditional knowledge with modern medical practices.
  3. Anjuman-I-Islam’s Unani Medical College:
    • This institution offers a comprehensive education in Unani medicine, combining classroom learning with hands-on clinical experience. The college is known for its experienced faculty and well-equipped facilities, making it a leading center for Unani education in Mumbai.

The Growing Interest in Unani Medicine

In recent years, there has been a noticeable increase in interest towards Unani medicine among Mumbai’s residents. Several factors contribute to this growing trend:

  1. Holistic Health Approach:
    • Unani medicine’s emphasis on holistic health and natural remedies appeals to individuals seeking alternative or complementary treatments to conventional medicine. The focus on balancing the body’s humors and improving overall well-being resonates with those looking for preventive healthcare solutions.
  2. Cultural Heritage:
    • Many residents of Mumbai have a deep-rooted cultural connection to traditional healing systems. Unani medicine, with its rich historical and cultural heritage, holds a special place in the hearts of people who value age-old wisdom and practices.
  3. Increasing Awareness:
    • Efforts by practitioners, educational institutions, and organizations to raise awareness about the benefits of Unani medicine have contributed to its growing popularity. Workshops, seminars, and health fairs highlighting Unani treatments attract a diverse audience.
  4. Support from Government and NGOs:
    • The Indian government, through the Ministry of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homoeopathy), actively promotes traditional medicine systems, including Unani. Various initiatives and programs aim to integrate Unani medicine into the mainstream healthcare system, ensuring wider access and acceptance.

Challenges and Future Prospects

Despite its growing popularity, Unani medicine faces several challenges in Mumbai:

  1. Scientific Validation:
    • One of the primary challenges is the need for rigorous scientific research to validate Unani treatments. While traditional knowledge is valuable, modern scientific methods are essential to establish efficacy and safety.
  2. Standardization:
    • Ensuring the standardization of Unani medicines and practices is crucial for maintaining quality and consistency. Variability in the preparation and dosage of herbal remedies can lead to inconsistent results.
  3. Integration with Modern Medicine:
    • Integrating Unani medicine with modern healthcare systems requires collaboration between traditional practitioners and conventional medical professionals. Bridging the gap between these two approaches can enhance patient care and treatment outcomes.

Looking ahead, the future of Unani medicine in Mumbai appears promising. Continued efforts in research, education, and awareness will play a pivotal role in its integration and acceptance. The growing interest among the younger generation, coupled with institutional support, suggests a bright future for Unani medicine in the city.


Unani medicine, with its rich history and holistic approach, continues to thrive in Mumbai, offering a valuable alternative and complementary healthcare option. The city’s diverse population, cultural heritage, and modern infrastructure create a conducive environment for the practice and promotion of Unani medicine. As interest grows and challenges are addressed, Unani medicine is poised to make significant contributions to the health and well-being of Mumbai’s residents, blending ancient wisdom with contemporary relevance.

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