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Why should we preserve coastal communities?

Coastal communities

More than one-third of the world population lives in coastal areas. Besides, half of the world’s economic activity centres around the coastlines. For example, marketing the coastal mineral raises the economy of the region. Tourist attraction also boosts the economy. Coastal communities also provide us with edible aquatic beings such as fishes, prawns, crabs, etc. And, exporting these eatables reduces unemployment and raises income.


However, with the drastic effects of climate change and natural disasters, the coastal communities often face problems like landslides, soil erosion, cyclones, floods, etc. which disrupt the lives of many. It, then, takes a lot of time to rebuild and regain their losses. These fluctuations in the coastal ecosystems affect the well-being of the whole world. Many funds and schemes are allocated and devised for the sustainable development of coastal communities. Geoffrey Trussell, director of the Marine Science Center and chair of the Department of Marine and Environmental Sciences at the Northeastern University, addressed the sustainable methods to create cleaner, safer, and smarter coastal communities.


He advises that working at the root of this problem is the only solution. Developing naval system technologies is an effective step. This will help the researchers to find the exact point of disruption. Secondly, forming global research partnerships, Trussell explains, will aid in devising large-scale plans to solve this critical problem successfully. The professor also elaborates on developing innovative aquaculture plans. Because of all the nutrients that are used in fish farms, they create dead zones or pollution zones that affect the ecosystem.


Restoring the ecosystem should be the prime motive in every coastal community sustainable plans. Life cannot exist without the ecosystem. We should play our part by avoiding activities that add to the dangers of the degrading coastal ecosystems. Avoid plastic use. Stop littering water bodies. 


Dibyasha Das