•  | 

The fate of labour trafficking in the U.S.

History unfolds that Native American tribes practised some form of slavery before the European introduction of African slavery into North America, but none exploited slave labour on a large scale. The arrival of the Europeans ushered in the Atlantic slave trade, where Africans were sold into chattel slavery into the American continent. It lasted from the 15th through the 19th centuries and was the most massive legal form of human trafficking in the history of the United States, reaching 4 million slaves at its height. Despite the numerous laws against this cruel practice, labour trafficking hasn’t perished.
Labour trafficking exists in sectors including agriculture, fishing, garment making, and domestic labour. Not only this, but this practice has also spread its tentacles in travelling sales crews, peddling and begging rings are rising as reported by the Department of Health and Human Services. It is difficult to determine the exact extent of labour trafficking in the United States because of the secretive nature. The U.S. government only keeps a count of survivors, defined as victims of severe instances of human trafficking, who have been assisted by the government in acquiring immigration benefits. This is what makes it monetarily beneficial for its doers.
Amy Farrell, an associate professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the Northeastern University, released the statistics revealed by the new study they conducted in collaboration with the Washington-based Urban Institute. They discovered that 71 percent of labour trafficking victims entered the country on a legal temporary visa, only to find out that the employment offices they’d worked within their home country were fraudulent. The study revealed some astonishing and depressing facts like 61 percent of the victims had never even met their traffickers before being introduced to them via friends or family members, and nearly half of the victims never got relief from anyone. This situation would further deteriorate until everyone understands that labour trafficking isn’t even decimally similar to a lousy job.
Harminder Singh