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Can we predict climate change?

We know today that climate change is real, and it is only going to get worse in the future. To tackle extreme changes in climate, people all over the globe should start preparing themselves. Experts are working hard to develop plans and models for the same. Here is where being able to predict climate change plays a crucial role. Scientists already have a solid understanding of the physical laws that control Earth’s climate. They can characterise different parts of the Earth system, and the interactions of energy between them as equations. Later, with the help of computers and these equations, scientists are able to create predictive models on climate change.

 

As we continue to burn fossil fuels for our energy needs, green-house gases continue to be accumulated in the atmosphere. These gases then trap the heat energy from escaping the earth. Some regions of the Earth respond to changes in this accumulated energy more quickly than others. However, scientists claim that the future climate will be increasingly different from that of today. Polar ice caps continue to melt today, and the sea level is on a continuous rise. This will potentially lead to the submersion of several low-lying regions of the world. The country of Maldives is at particularly high risk. Therefore, it is advised to keep a plan of action ready for when the aforementioned events begin to unfold.

 

A team of researchers at Northeastern University is developing a new strategy to predict climate change. Thomas Vandal, a doctoral student in Civil and Environmental Engineering and Auroop Ganguly, professor of Civil & Environmental Engineering are key members of this team. The team’s aim is to create a framework for zooming in on historic climate data sets. This will allow scientists to make more detailed and localised climate projections. The team believes that the project would soon be able to solve a variety of climate problems. Right from tracking extreme weather, down to predicting disaster events with greater accuracy.

 

Harman Singh